The Borders of Acadie
Until the first part of the 18th century, Acadie was a disputed possession, being traded back and forth between France and England. Acadie's borders were constantly contested and fluctuated with each attack and with the numerous treaties: Saint-Germain-en-Laye in 1632, Breda in 1667, Ryswick in 1697, and Utrecht in 1713. With the signature of the Treaty of Utrecht, Acadie definitively became a British colony, but had no internationally recognized political or judicial borders. Acadie and Acadians still continue to exist despite the Deportation and the fact that they do not constitute a state. Today's Acadie is in the Francophone regions of the Atlantic Provinces, but also in Anglophone urban areas, such as Charlottetown, Fredericton, Halifax, Miramichi, Saint John, NB and St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.