The Grand Dérangement and the Deportation in Time
Between 1604 and 1713, France and England battled for Acadie. In 1713, with the Treaty of Utrecht, it became a British possession. England always doubted the Acadians' loyalty, as they refused to pledge an unconditional oath of allegiance and instead proposed oaths of neutrality. In 1755, faced with another war with France, the British colonial authorities ordered the expulsion of the Acadians. The Deportation and the Grand Dérangement are two expressions used to describe that event which initiated migrations that only ended for some people in early 19th century.
The Deportation and the Grand Dérangement are two expressions that refer to the expulsion of the Acadians, ordered by the British colonial authorities in 1755. These expressions are generally used without distinction, but do they refer to the same reality or are they two different notions?
Create a time line to help you answer the question.
- From sections 2 to 8 of the History section, select events that you will add on your time line. Then, summarize them into one sentence each, for example: The July 28, 1755, decision - The British colonial authorities approve the Deportation of the Acadians. You must choose at least one date in each of the sections 2 to 8 of the History section. The sections are:
- Use the Search section to find an historical document that refers to at least one of the events selected.
- Create your time line by choosing one of the following options:
- Option 1: Create your time line using the PowerPoint template provided. Once finished, choose your historical document in the Search section, save it and insert it on your time line.
- Option 2: Create your time line on sheets of paper. Once finished, choose your historical document in the Search section and print it. You can stick it on your time line or put it in annex, depending on the space available.
- Don't forget to provide a time scale for the events you have chosen.
- Participate in a class discussion to answer the start-up question and share your thoughts on the subject.
Here are a few keywords which you will learn during this activity:
- Rights and freedoms
- War and peace
Essential and optional resources
- Time line template (PowerPoint)
- Web site: 400 ans de présence française au Canada, 1604-2004
- Web site: Francophonies canadiennes: Identités culturelles
- Web site: Champlain in Acadia