After 1755, several hundred Acadians decided to take refuge in Québec. These Acadians were mostly those who had escaped the Deportation by moving further north, notably to Miramichi, or those who had escaped from their guards. These refugees were still in a very precarious situation as Québec's population was worn out by the war and could hardly take care of them. As tensions were at their highest, the Acadians were even blamed for the smallpox epidemic which struck the city in 1757. In 1756, Intendant Bigot assessed at 600 the number of Acadian refugees in Québec. In 1758, that number went up to 1,500 and kept increasing, even after the Treaty of Paris in 1763, as many deportees decided to settle in "Canada", in the Saint-Lawrence Valley, the Richelieu Valley, in Gaspé and in the Magdalen Islands.